What is Blended Learning?
Blended learning (BL), which involves both online (asynchronous or/and synchronous) and face-to-face contact time between teaching staff and students, and/or among students in a course, is increasingly implemented in higher education (Graham, Woodfield, & Harrison, 2013).
Why Blended Learning?
Despite the benefits of blended learning to enhance learning outcomes that have been documented, the scaling-up of BL in higher education institutions is an enormous challenge (Owston, 2013). Front-line teaching staff may not share the same vision (Bohle Carbonell, Dailey-Hebert, & Gijselaers, 2013), and there can be a gap between the staff’s existing competence and that required by the innovations (Fisher, 2005). As teaching staff play a pivotal role as gatekeepers to innovations, their professional development (PD) is the key for innovations to be effective and scalable (Dede & Honan, 2005). Therefore, it is important to establish buy-in among staff towards BL, build their capacity for implementing BL, and develop a culture for the enhancement of teaching and learning.